The Higgs Boson is a particle that gives other particles their mass. It was discovered in 2012 and has been the subject of much debate ever since. Here's what you need to know about this important discovery and why it matters!
What is the Higgs Boson?
The Higgs boson is a subatomic particle that was discovered in 2012 by scientists at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC is one of two main facilities for particle physics research, located near Geneva, Switzerland. It's designed to study matter on all scales—from atoms up to large-scale objects like galaxies and black holes.
The discovery of this new particle was a major milestone in the field of particle physics and helped confirm the existence of a fundamental field called “the Higgs field” which permeates all space and gives mass to particles like protons or neutrons through interactions with other fields such as photons etc..
How was it discovered?
The Higgs boson was discovered in July 2012 by two teams of scientists working at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a particle accelerator located at CERN, Switzerland. The LHC is one of the most powerful machines in the world and can help scientists understand how matter behaves and how it has changed over time.
The first team to make their discovery was led by Peter Higgs, who predicted that other particles could exist that don't interact with ordinary matter—like photons or gluons—and these new particles would be responsible for giving mass to other fundamental particles like quarks and electrons. This theory became known as “the Standard Model” because it explains all known forces but doesn't explain gravity or why stars shine (because there are no extra dimensions).
The second team was led by François Englert and Peter Higgs who had already worked together on other projects before this discovery! They used data from previous experiments such as ATLAS detector at CERN where they looked for clues about what would make up a new type of subatomic particle called "Higgs Boson" which would explain why everything seems so different than before humans existed."
Why is it important?
The Higgs boson is the last missing piece of the Standard Model, which explains how all other particles get their mass. It's also the first elementary particle that was discovered in a collider—a particle accelerator that accelerates and shoots beams of particles through it.
The Standard Model includes four fundamental forces: gravity, electromagnetism (which includes light), and strong nuclear forces (which bind quarks together) along with weak nuclear force (which causes radioactivity). In addition to these five forces there are also 11 subatomic particles called leptons that exist alongside six bosons (or force carriers). All together this makes up about two thirds of what we know about matter as we know it on Earth today!
In conclusion, the Higgs boson is a subatomic particle that was discovered in 2012 by scientists at the Large Hadron Collider. It is named after physicist Peter Higgs, who proposed its existence in the 1960s to explain why particles have mass. The discovery of the Higgs boson was a major milestone in the field of particle physics, and it helped to confirm the existence of the Higgs field, a fundamental field of energy that permeates all of space. The Higgs boson is an important part of the Standard Model of particle physics, and understanding it helps us to better understand the fundamental nature of the universe and how it works. It also has practical applications, as the Higgs field is thought to be involved in the formation of the stars and galaxies that make up the universe.