# Introduction

Quantum computing is a new technology that could have a profound impact on the technology industry. It has the potential to solve complex problems and help to make systems more efficient, secure and reliable. In this article, we'll look at what quantum computing is, how it differs from regular computing and some of the current research challenges facing its development.

## What is Quantum Computing?

Quantum computing is a new form of computing that harnesses the power of quantum physics to solve complex problems. It uses qubits (quantum bits), which can be in a superposition of states at once, allowing them to perform calculations that would be impossible on traditional computers.

The main advantage of quantum computing is its ability to solve certain types of problems that would require massive amounts of time and energy if attempted with current technology. For example, one application for quantum computers could be helping NASA find alien life by simulating distant planets in space or searching for signs of extraterrestrial civilizations on Earth's moon or Mars.

## The difference between classical and quantum computing.

The difference between classical and quantum computing is that in classical computers, information is stored as bits (1s or 0s) in a binary system. The bits can only be in one of these two states at any given time, which means that if you have a bunch of them, you can only have 255 different combinations altogether. Quantum computers use qubits instead of bits to store information—they're able to be both 0s and 1s at once! This means that with quantum computers we can store more than 2^23 = 65,536 values simultaneously instead of just 255 values like we would normally see with traditional computing systems.

So how does this help us with solving problems? Well since there are so many more possible mathematical relationships between variables on a quantum scale than there are on our usual everyday scale where 2^23 = 65536 equals 1 billion—that's pretty huge! So now imagine how much faster quantum computing could help solve complex problems like determining whether someone has cancer based off just one sample blood test or finding out who won last night's game while watching it live through multiple cameras all around an arena full of fans yelling at each other about sports scores...

## Near-term results using quantum computing.

Quantum computing is a new field of research that seeks to apply quantum mechanics in order to solve problems that are unsolvable on classical computers. It is still an emerging technology, so there has been little progress made on this front. However, some researchers have already started using quantum computers for various tasks such as simulating complex molecules or searching for solutions to highly complex equations (such as those used by climate scientists). One example of a near-term result using quantum computing would be using it to solve important problems related to protein folding and folding disorder in viruses like HIV or Ebola virus.

## Current research and milestones.

Quantum computing is a long-term goal for many researchers, but there are already some promising results. In 2016, IBM announced that it had built a prototype quantum computer that could perform calculations in only 10 microseconds; and physicists at Delft University of Technology found that they could use photons to encode information (i.e., carry data) across distances over 100 meters between two points using only sunlight as power source. These early steps toward commercializing quantum computing will hopefully lead to breakthroughs in the future that have practical applications across multiple industries including finance and healthcare.

## Some of the current research challenges.

As we mentioned earlier, quantum computers are still at a very early stage of development. There are many challenges that need to be overcome before they can be used in any practical way.

The first challenge is improving the architecture of quantum computing systems. Current architectures rely on superposition and entanglement to perform these calculations, but these properties require very large numbers of qubits (quantum bits) and very precise settings for their interaction with each other. The goal is to reduce these requirements so that larger quantum computers can be built using simpler architectures than those currently available; however, this could also mean sacrificing some performance in return for greater scalability.[4]

## A brief look at Quantum Computing versus Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Quantum computing and artificial intelligence (AI) are both fields of research. They share similarities, but also have their own unique applications and uses. AI is a subset of quantum computing because it uses algorithms to solve problems in an automated way, like how a computer works when you tell it to do something.

Quantum computers could be used for tasks such as finding solutions to difficult math problems or cracking encrypted files. Artificial intelligence can help speed up this process by using machine learning technologies that allow computers to learn from experience without being programmed with specific rules or instructions.

## Future implications.

Quantum Computing is a powerful tool that can be used to solve complex problems. It will revolutionize the technology industry and help us understand the universe better.

In addition to its applications in solving complex problems, Quantum Computing has been shown to have other important implications for society as well. It promises to help us solve some of our world's most pressing problems related to energy production and distribution, healthcare management and more.

## Conclusion

Quantum computing is a new approach to computing that uses quantum mechanics to solve problems that would be difficult or impossible to solve using traditional methods. This technology has the potential to make many industries run more efficiently and will likely change how we live our lives as we make more efficient use of energy, communication and other resources. The widespread adoption of quantum computers could mean an end to many types of hacking attacks on our devices by 2025 - but there are still some obstacles facing researchers today.